Soil and water conservation, protective irrigation, reclamation of degraded land and sustainable management of natural resources have been the core of SPWD’s programme since its inception. This led to increase in livelihood through improvement of agriculture, agroforestry, plantation and fodder development on private and community land. For this, a number of technologies were planned and applied as per the requirements and the socio-economic conditions of the area.
The thrust of SPWD in the eastern region during the last decade has been on grounding and scaling up of agroecological approaches that reduce reliance on purchased inputs and credit support for farming. Agroecological approaches are being positioned here as a solution to extreme indebtedness and distress among the farmers. This approach has also penetrated international policy circles among agroecologists, food activists and policy advocates but the success on the ground at a scale is limited. The three pillars that define SPWD’s work from its inception till date in the eastern region are
Protective irrigation to secure rainfed crops from distributional failures of rainfall.
Healthy and productive soils by regular addition of organic matter to land in rainfed areas.
- Agro-ecological innovations that increase natural synergies and reduce external inputs and cost of production. This includes emerging approaches like system of rice intensification, non-pesticide management, sustainable intensification of farming systems founded on enhancing farmers’ knowledge and management skills.